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                  首頁 » 新聞中心 » 行業新聞 » 新型冠狀病毒肺炎疫情相關詞匯英文表述(上)--摘自中國翻譯協會“中國翻譯”雜志
                  新型冠狀病毒肺炎疫情相關詞匯英文表述(上)--摘自中國翻譯協會“中國翻譯”雜志
                  www.luxiniuye.com 2020-04-18 17:43 上海翻譯公司

                  冠狀病毒 coronavirus

                  2019新型冠狀病毒 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)

                  新型冠狀病毒肺炎(新冠肺炎)COVID-19

                  肺炎 pneumonia

                  病毒性肺炎 viral pneumonia

                  不明原因肺炎 pneumonia of unknown etiology/cause

                  嚴重急性呼吸道感染 severe acute respiratory infection (SARI)

                  急性呼吸窘迫綜合征 acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

                  呼吸道疾病(呼吸系統疾病)respiratory diseases

                  國際關注的突發公共衛生事件 Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)

                  乙類傳染病 Category B infectious diseases

                  人傳人 person-to-person/human-to-human transmission

                  潛伏期 incubation/latent period

                  無癥狀的潛伏期 silent/asymptomatic incubation period

                  病毒攜帶者virus carrier

                  無癥狀攜帶者 asymptomatic carrier

                  超級傳播者super spreader

                  飛沫傳播 droplet transmission

                  接觸傳播 contact transmission

                  病毒的蔓延 spread of a virus

                  隱性感染 covert/silent/inapparent/subclinical infection

                  外源性感染 exogenous infection

                  密切接觸者close contact

                  接觸者追蹤 contact tracing

                  傳染途徑 route of transmission

                  傳播方式 mode of transmission

                  宿主 host

                  易感人群 susceptible/vulnerable population

                  醫院/院內感染 nosocomial infection; hospital-acquired infection

                  職業暴露 occupational exposure

                  確診病例 confirmed case

                  疑似病例 suspected case

                  散在病例 sporadic case

                  輸入性病例imported case

                  二代病例 second-generation case

                  傳染性 transmissibility; infectivity

                  致病性 pathogenicity

                  疫情 epidemic; outbreak

                  疫區 affected area

                  發病 morbidity

                  發熱病人 patients with fever; febrile patients; fever patients

                  重癥 severe case

                  發病率 incidence rate

                  死亡率 mortality rate

                  病死率(致死率)fatality/mortality/death rate

                  治愈率 recovery rate

                  疫情防控 epidemic prevention and control

                  監測體溫 to monitor body temperature

                  體溫檢測 to check body temperature

                  早發現、早隔離 early detection and early isolation

                  隔離治療 to receive treatment in isolation

                  自我隔離 to quarantine yourself in your home; self-monitored quarantine

                  臨床數據 clinical data

                  核酸檢測 nucleic acid testing (NAT)

                  核酸檢測試劑盒 nucleic acid testing kit

                  血清診斷 serodiagnosis

                  自覺接受醫學觀察 to present yourself to medical observation

                  解除醫學觀察 to be discharged from medical observation

                  診斷、治療、追蹤和篩査 diagnosistreatmenttracing and screening

                  預防措施 preventive measure

                  疫苗 vaccine

                  戴口罩 to wear a mask

                  勤洗手/仔細洗手 to wash your hands often/careflilly

                  消毒 disinfection

                  避免去人多的地方avoid crowds

                  健康篩查 health screening

                  旅行限制 travel restrictions

                  健康申報表 health declaration form

                  海鮮市場 seafood market

                  活體農貿市場 live animal market

                  濕貨市場wet market

                  野味 bushmeat; game 6

                  果子貍 masked palm civet

                  蝙蝠bat

                  竹鼠 bamboo rat

                  badger

                  突發公共衛生事件public health emergency

                  啟動重大突發公共衛生事件一級響應to activate first-level public health emergency response

                  掌握情況,不漏一人 to have full knowledge of the situation (of the community) and leave no one unchecked

                  遏制疫情蔓延 to contain the outbreak

                  封城 A city is on lockdown./A city goes into lockdown.

                  延遲開學 to postpone the reopening of schools

                  延長春節假期 to extend the Chinese New Year holiday

                  (公共場所)消毒、通風以及體溫檢測 disinfection, ventilation and body temperature monitoring (in public areas)

                  應急醫院 makeshift hospital

                  火神山醫院 Huoshenshan Hospital (in Wuhan)

                  雷神山醫院 Leishenshan Hospital (in Wuhan)

                  暫停海外團隊旅行 to suspend overseas group tours

                  關閉景點 to close scenic spots

                  取消大型集會 to cancel mass gatherings

                  減少外出 to make fewer trips outside

                  控制人口流動 to curb population flow

                  兩周觀察期 two-week observation period

                  停運長途汽車 to halt long-distance buses

                  調減市內公交 to reduce the frequency of bus services in the city

                  特殊報銷政策 special reimbursement rules

                  緊平衡 in tight balance

                  醫療物資緊缺 shortage of medical supplies

                  日常基本生活物資daily necessities

                  跨境采購 cross-border procurement

                  囤積食物 to stock up on food

                  捂貨惜售hoarding

                  瞞報 to underreport

                  哄抬價格 price gouging

                  世衛組織 World Health Organization (WHO)

                  中央應對新型冠狀病毒感染肺炎疫情工作領導小組(中央應對疫情工作領導小組) Leading Group of the CPC Central Committee for Novel Coronavirus Prevention and Control

                  國家衛生健康委員會(國家衛健委)National Health Commission (NHS)

                  中國疾病預防控制中心(中國疾控中心)Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC)

                  國家醫療保障局(國家醫保局)National Healthcare Security Administration (NHSA)

                  醫療機構 medical institution

                  衛生機構 health institution

                  醫療從業者 medical practitioner; healthcare professional

                  醫療人員 medical personnel; health workforce; health workers

                  —線醫護人員 frontline health workers

                  定點醫院 designated hospitals

                  發熱門診 fever clinic

                  重癥監護病房 intensive care unit (ICU)

                  檢疫所 quarantine office

                  藥店 pharmacy; drugstore

                  病理 pathology

                  病原體 pathogen

                  病毒變異 virus variation

                  病毒突變 virus mutation

                  臨床表現 clinical picture

                  上呼吸道感染 upper respiratory tract infection (URTI)

                  低氧血癥 hypoxemia; low blood oxygen

                  纖維化fibrosis

                  肺膿腫 lung abscess

                  雙肺浸潤性病灶 infiltration in both lungs

                  發熱 fever

                  乏力 fatigue

                  干咳 dry cough

                  頭疼 headache

                  胸悶 chest distress; chest oppression

                  心慌 palpitations

                  惡心想吐nausea

                  腹瀉 diarrhea

                  呼吸困難 dyspnea; respiratory distress; breathing difficulties

                  紅外體溫測量儀infrared thermometer

                  探頭式測溫儀probe thermometer

                  體溫檢測熱像儀 thermal imaging camera for temperature monitoring

                  診斷器具 diagnostic tool/kit

                  消毒液 disinfectant; antiseptic solution

                  消毒濕巾 disinfectant/antiseptic wipes

                  含酒精洗手液 alcohol-based hand rub/sanitizer

                  口罩 facemask; mask

                  N95 口罩 N95 mask/respirator

                  醫用外科口罩surgical mask

                  防護服 protective suit

                  護目鏡 goggles

                  —次性手套 disposable gloves

                  國際衛生條例 International Health Regulations (IHR)

                  流行病學 epidemiology

                  流行病學調査(流調)epidemiological investigation

                  呼吸器官 respiratory organs

                  呼吸道 respiratory tract

                  消化系統 digestive system

                  神經系統 nervous system

                  流感influenza; flu

                  結膜炎 conjunctivitis; pink eye

                  宿疾、慢性病 chronic ailment; chronic disease

                  高血壓 hypertension; high blood pressure

                  糖尿病 diabetes; diabetes mellitus

                  心血管病 cardiovascular disease

                  基因序列 genetic sequence

                  基因結構 genetic structure

                  試劑 reagent

                  診斷 diagnosis

                  檢測樣本 test sample

                  醫學觀察 medical watch; medical observation

                  病毒分離 virus isolation

                  抗病毒藥 antiviral drug

                  退燒藥 febrifuge; antipyretic

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